The all-included price is just to help you calculate a simple and rough shipping cost.
So, I'll divide the sea freight process into three steps and show the cost in each step.
If you want to know everything about the sea freight process and its price, keep reading.
Or, just skip to my last part of this guide.
As discussed in Air freight, let's read about the composition of sea freight under FOB and EXW.
Now, you must be wondering why these two again and not any other trade form.
Well, 90% of the trade is done under these two terms.
For example, suppliers usually offer you a FOB and EXW price when you source products on Alibaba.
Honestly, the EXW price is just the product cost, which means your supplier won't help you ship the goods to the port of the shipment.
However, the FOB price includes the cost of the product and the local logistics cost in China (Chinese factory to the port of shipment).
Yes, that is it!
Now, let's see the same through a formula for a much clearer overview.
In FOB, your supplier will help you ship your goods directly to the port of shipment.
After which, the part of sea freight you need to pay will be:
Shipping cost=Cost for sea freight from a Chinese port to America port +American customs clearance cost + Local logistics cost in the USA
On the EXW basis, your supplier will not help you ship the goods to the port of shipment.
In this case, the part of sea freight you need to pay will be:
Shipping cost = Local logistics cost in China + China export cost + Cost for sea freight from Chinese port to America port +American customs clearance cost + Local logistics cost in the USA
As you are now familiar with the components of total shipping costs, let us learn some more about the cost of each part.
Cost in China: It includes the cost for the factory/supplier to ship your goods to the port of shipment and China export cost.
If it is bulk cargo (Goods quantity is less than container load), the price will generally be around $10 -$30/CBM.
It depends on the distance from the factory to the port, and the volume of the goods.
Smaller the volume, expensive the freight will be. China export cost: It includes booking costs, export operating costs and customs documents costs. It is generally around $100-$300.
If it is LCL (bulk cargo, less than one container) the cost will be $100-$200.
However, if it is FCL (Full container load), the cost is about $300.
So, if you have 5CBM bulk goods the cost in China will be:
（$10-$30) x 5CBM+（$100-$200) ≈ $150-$350
Cost for ocean freight is the cost from Chinese port to America port.